Theoretical principles of the rent relations are in agriculture Cover Image

Теоретичні засади рентних відносин в сільському господарстві
Theoretical principles of the rent relations are in agriculture

Author(s): Olga Shulga
Subject(s): National Economy, Agriculture, Political economy, Socio-Economic Research
Published by: Переяслав-Хмельницький державний педагогічний університет імені Григорія Сковороди
Keywords: agriculture; land rent; differential rent; absolute rent; kvazirenta; antirent; taxes; lease; estimation of earth; redistribution of profits

Summary/Abstract: Aim of work - to investigate the forms of land rent in modern terms, role of the rent factor in the system of leasings relations and hisplace in the system of taxation of profits of the landed interests.Methodological basis of work is application of scientific and special methods of scientific cognition. Unity of logical and historicalapproaches, empiric method and generalization, were used for determination and analysis of forms of land rent, factors and terms oftheir formation. Method of combination of analysis and synthesis, advancement from abstract to concrete were applied at determiningsize of rent and determination of part of land rent, that must be withdrawn for the landed interests through taxes, copula of rent anddemand and supply on agrarian products.Basic job performances: the forms of land rent are investigational in modern terms, role of the rent factor in the system of leasingsrelations and tax as to the instrument of the rent relations, the questions related to the estimation of earth and adjusting of the rentprofits are affected.The practical value of the got results consists in deepening of understanding of essence, reasons and terms of formation of landrent in modern terms, roles of the rent factor in agriculture and national economy on the whole. The recommendations offered inprocesscan be used in the process of state program of socio-economic development of agriculture of Ukraine development, atdevelopment of methods and mechanisms of increase of efficiency of government control in this industry.Conclusions. Next to the traditional forms of rent, that is differential And and ІІ, absolute and monopolistic, the new forms of rent,the origin of that is related to development of society and economic activity of man, appear. Urgent now there is perfection of the taxsystem in direction of stimulation of the landed interests and землекористувачів to send land rent to the fertility-improving of soiland realization of measures on the guard of earth. In this connection, it is expedient to withdraw only differential rent And, and here inrelation to differential rent of II, then she must remain for the landed interests or землекористувачів, stimulating them to theeffective use of the landed lands. In addition, a tax on earth must be set from the standard, but not actual level of efficiency.Expedient is an input of fines from the landed interests, if the quality state of lot land will become worst.Yet one no less important problem related to the rent relations is a size of rent. HER size must be set as a percent from the money estimationof lot land taking into account the term of action of contract of tenancy - with the increase of term of lease the size of rent must diminish.Monopoly of agrarian property, as a barrier to the inter-branch redistribution of resources sends a surplus income not to theincrease of production of goods, but converts him into absolute land rent. Because of it a production restrains temper inagriculture, technical progress in industry is slowened. Therefore there is an objective necessity of state interference with the aimof the use of valueadded in accordance with her functionally-economic setting.

  • Issue Year: 1/2015
  • Issue No: 26
  • Page Range: 161-165
  • Page Count: 5
  • Language: Ukrainian