The 2013 Bulgarian Student Occupations in the Focus of Two Rationalities Cover Image
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Студентските окупации през 2013 г. във фокуса на две рационалности
The 2013 Bulgarian Student Occupations in the Focus of Two Rationalities

Author(s): Boyan Znepolski
Subject(s): Political Philosophy, Civil Society, Social Theory, Sociology of Culture, Sociology of Politics
Published by: Фондация за хуманитарни и социални изследвания - София
Keywords: student occupations; instrumental rationality; value rationality; civic protests; public action

Summary/Abstract: This article aims to analyze the Bulgarian student occupations in 2013 in terms of two different rationalities - instrumental rationality and value rationality - which were referred to respectively by the opponents and the supporters of the protests in order to justify their account of them. The analysis elaborates a typology of the anti-protest rhetoric, distinguishing three main types: the fi rst insisted on the opposition between ‘moral’ and ‘social’, and criticized the protests as being based on an ‘abstract’ and ‘hazy’ moralism; the second treated the protests as a direct or indirect expression of private interests; the third claimed the protests were just a means to a particular end, be it that of the oligarchy or of the protesters themselves. The fi nal part of the article argues against these instrumentalist approaches to the protests of Bulgarian students and introduces another perspective, suggested by Albert Hirschman in his analysis of the meaning of collective public action. According to Hirschman, public action should not be evaluated on the basis of its immediate results, because its value consists in the very act of protesting which educates and constitutes citizens as a critical civic community.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 45
  • Page Range: 55-67
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Bulgarian