The Development of Property Relations of the Low Nobility, 1300–1500: The Case of Orava Region Cover Image
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Vývoj majetkových pomerov nižšej šľachty v rokoch 1300–1500: na príklade regiónu Oravy
The Development of Property Relations of the Low Nobility, 1300–1500: The Case of Orava Region

Author(s): Lukáš Tkáč
Subject(s): History
Published by: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci
Keywords: Low nobility; property relations; settlement typology; good types; Orava; the Late Middle Ages

Summary/Abstract: The aim of this study is to outline basic features of the development of property relations of the low nobility in years 1300–1500 in Orava Region. The research revealed that the low nobility as a social class appeared in the position of a minority owner during the whole examined period. On the contrary, during two hundred years members of the low nobility notably increased a number of localities, which they held, which was also apparent in the rise of a proportional representation of their property in the total number of localities in Orava. From the perspective of the settlement typology, an exclusively low nobility’s domain was an ownership of villages, despite the fact that members of the low nobility were owners of one of three Orava towns for a while. In legal or respectively administrative terms, curial villages and villages with inhabitants living according to a customary and noble laws dominated there. Since the second half of the 14th century, within the property relations of the low nobility there were also represented villages with a customary law and for some time villages with a combined customary-emphyteutic law and a noble law, or villages with inhabitants living according to a combined customary-emphyteutic, customary and noble law. Nevertheles, whether the results mentioned above reflect only particularities of the development of property relations of the low nobility in Orava will beshown in a future research.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 49
  • Page Range: 31-53
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: Slovak