The Proper Name as a Relic of old Culture Cover Image

Собственное имя как реликт древней культуры
The Proper Name as a Relic of old Culture

Author(s): Juozas Jurkenas
Subject(s): Foreign languages learning
Published by: Lietuvos edukologijos universitetas
Keywords: onomastic; proper name; appellative; etymology; etymon; apophony

Summary/Abstract: The main method of research the history of language is comparison. In onomastic study proper names must be compared with proper names. The geographical distribution of similar units within a particular region - is one of the main criteria for evaluating their own nature. When comparing the proper name with the appellative vocabulary words should be submitted as a structured set of interrelated meanings , i.e. must acknowledge embodiments semantic content within a family genetically related words. In addition, the etymology of proper name should be attempt to decipher the cultural and historical (= mythological) reasons that caused the formation respective units. The paper presents an analysis of proper names containing in the structure basis Gail-. Prospective etymon – indo-European root * ghei-«sparkle, shine” > balt. - slav. - germ. *ghoilo-«the same” (suffixed with the formation of regular apophony of the vowel in the root of the word). As a kind of argument in the article are presented two series of proper names which are based on the semantic units of “light”, “shine”: *dei(H)- / *di(H)- and * leuk-(: * louk-/ * luk-).

  • Issue Year: 15/2013
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 35-41
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: Russian