Yugoslavia And The Neighbouring „People's Democracy“ Counties At The Beginning Of 1956 Cover Image

Југославија и земље „народне демократије“ у суседству почетком 1956. године
Yugoslavia And The Neighbouring „People's Democracy“ Counties At The Beginning Of 1956

Author(s): Vladimir Lj. Cvetković
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije
Keywords: Yugoslavia; „people’s democracy” countries; normalization of relations; the year 1956; the USSR

Summary/Abstract: Since 1953 the process of normalizing relations between Yugo sla-via on one side and the USSR and the „people’s democracy“ countri es (in-cluding neighboring countries) on the other side was marked by caution, tactical moves, mistrust and small steps. The reason being ex treme confrontation of the two sides regarding the final goal of the pro cess, which for the Soviets meant the return of Yugoslavia into the „so cialist camp“ but for the Yugoslavs a normalization of relations with a public apology for the political and economic damage done during the years of conflict which would be a precondition for the development of its new foreign policy strategy based on the principles of peaceful coexistence and equidistance from the two blocks. Various factors were at work in Yugoslavia in such circumstances, the political ones (fear of an ideological rapprochement with the countries it wanted to distance itself from, a wish to retain good relations with the West that was developed in the previous few years, …) directed the country towards a cautious rapprochement with the East and the economic ones (new markets for Yugoslav goods, favorable investment loans …) towards establishing stronger connection with the countries it had been in conflict with a short time ago. The beginning of 1956 marked in that sense the moment when the development of relation was at its high peak in circumstances when neither side gave decisive concessions to the other. The break of USSR with Stalinism at the 20 th Congress of the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) and the signing of the Moscow Declaration opened new opportunities and created preconditions for the normalization of political relations whose high point was the reestablishment of interparty cooperation.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 187-202
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Serbian