MONUMENT VALUES OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE WITHIN THE STRUCTURE OF VALUES OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE Cover Image
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PAMIATKOVÉ HODNOTY MODERNEJ ARCHITEKTÚRY V ŠTRUKTÚRE HODNÔTARCHITEKTONICKÉHO DEDIČSTVA
MONUMENT VALUES OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE WITHIN THE STRUCTURE OF VALUES OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE

Author(s): Author Not Specified
Subject(s): Cultural Essay, Political Essay, Societal Essay
Published by: Historický ústav SAV, v. v. i.
Keywords: modern architecture; value; heritage; category; quality; characteristic; conservation; renewal

Summary/Abstract: The study deals with the characteristics and categorization of modern architecture properties, which – as far as their quality and the degree of cultural and historical value is concerned – were decisive in their inclusion in the list of monuments. Meantime, by the term “monument” we understand not only subjects of our cultural heritage in terms of current legislation, but rather all the architectural objects and sets which we perceive to be part of the overall cultural heritage, regardless of the current legal status of their protection. To better understand and interpret the values of selected modern architecture examples which are assumed to meet the criteria for heritage protection as we understand them, their “specific” qualities are being compared with a typical cultural and historical assessment of heritage architecture properties. This way we hope to contribute to the ongoing debate on the architectural heritage qualities of the modern architecture, trying to answer the question whether the structure of cultural characteristics as well as the conservation criteria of modern architecture is explicit to itself, or in its essence is the very same as any other “historical” representatives of the architectural heritage. DEFINING THE CHARACTERISTICS AND CATEGORIES OF CULTURAL-HISTORICAL QUALITIES In the case of architectural heritage, within the wide range of cultural and historical properties as defined today by the theory of monument protection, we can generally categorize them by their actual value content and their means of value acquisition. CATEGORIES OF CULTURAL-HISTORICAL QUALITIES IN TERMS OF THE ACTUAL VALUE CONTENT Essential value categories of cultural heritage objects are the qualities of a work of culture, its documentary qualities and the value of its age, which we can further break down based on the artistic, technical and functional qualities, its relationship with the environment, its ideological, ethical and judicial or economic properties, its psychological, documentary, scientific, agerelated properties, its uniqueness and typical or symbolic features. CATEGORIES OF CULTURAL-HISTORICAL QUALITIES IN TERMS OF THE MEANS THE VALUE WAS ACQUIRED In order to select an appropriate protection and renewal of architectural monuments, it is important to determine the respective cultural-historical property categories not only from the actual content value standpoint, but also in terms of how a specific architectural object has gained its qualities. Based on this, we can differentiate between the qualities gained directly, the qualities gained indirectly and the qualities transferred. Among the indirect properties, for example, we include a heritage value of a monument related to a significant personality or an event as well as the value of singularity. Transferred qualities are typical for architectural blocks and urban subdivisions where each building is an integral part of the whole. For a specific segment of modern architectu

  • Issue Year: 44/2010
  • Issue No: 3-4
  • Page Range: 216-227
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Slovak