Army as an Anti-Democratic Actor. Case Study of Syria and Pakistan Cover Image
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Armáda jako protidemokratický aktér: případová studie Sýrie a Pákistánu
Army as an Anti-Democratic Actor. Case Study of Syria and Pakistan

Author(s): Lukáš Martinák
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Česká společnost pro politické vědy
Keywords: democracy; theory of democracy; army; professional army; civil control; Middle East; Syria; Pakistan

Summary/Abstract: The study focuses on the role of the army in hybrid regimes with Muslim majority. It starts with basic features of armies in democratic and nondemocratic regimes and with an impact of a character of armies on a process of shaping of the political regime. With the help of case study of Syria and Pakistan, the author verifies the following hypothesis: “Democratization of most of the countries in the Muslim world is unsuccessful. A pivotal cause of this phenomenon is the undemocratic structure of local armed forces in the role of the political system’s actors”. This hypothesis has been verified. The author concludes that any future process of democratization in those countries will be challenged by undemocratic nature of regional armed forces and that any further analysis has to take this factor into consideration.

  • Issue Year: 16/2010
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 51-76
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Czech