ČAn issue of a "Jew-Communist" stereotype is an important one if we look at the causes and motives that made the local population assist the Nazis during the Holocaust, and, first of all, having in mind the fact that within the Lithuanian society a "theory of two genocides" had prevailed for a long period of time. According to this theory, once the Soviet Union occupied Lithuania in the summer of 1941, the Jews extended their support to the Soviets. That is why Lithuanians behaved Jews without mercy. The Nazi Germany occupied Lithuania at the end of June 1941. Afterwards they found no difficulty recruiting accomplices in Lithuania who carried out the massacres. For some, the permanence of the stereotypes may seem extraordinary.