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Issue no.XXXIX /2008


Balkanološki institut - Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti

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Belgrade (11000), Serbia
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Nomadic Pastoralism in the Early Bronze Age of the Central Balkans Evaluation of Background Knowledge    
Critias and Democracy    
Locating the Timacum Maius Station on the Roman Road Lissus–Naissus–Ratiaria: New Archaeological Research    
The Triad Zeus, Herakles and Dionysos: A Contribution to the Study of Ancient Cults in Upper Moesia    
Translated Title: The Triad Zeus, Herakles and Dionysos: A Contribution to the Study of Ancient Cults in Upper Moesia
Publication: BALCANICA (XXXIX/2008)
Author Name: Pilipović, Sanja;
Language: English
Subject: History
Issue: XXXIX/2008
Page Range: 59-68
No. of Pages: 10
File size: 798 KB
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Summary: The triad Zeus, Herakles and Dionysos has been attested in Upper Moesia by the relief from the village of Bukovo near Negotin, eastern Serbia. The Roman supreme
god was frequently shown in association with other deities, but the presence of Bacchus and Hercules in such associations is Greek rather than Roman in origin. The association of Liber and Hercules was promoted by the emperor Septimius Severus, a native of the city of Leptis Magna whose patron gods were concurrently Liber and Hercules. Septimius even granted the dii patrii a sort of official recognition as patrons of the dynasty he founded. The village of Bukovo where the relief was found had not been known as an archaeological site. There is no specific evidence for the worship of Jupiter in that area, while the worship of Herakles is attested on the sites of Rovine and Tamnič near Negotin. The relief is close to north-Macedonian reliefs in style, and reflects Hellenistic and Thracian influence in associating the cults of Dionysos and Herakles. The depicted deities are compatible and close to Septimius Severus’ official religion. The central position of the supreme god indicates his importance as well as the fact that the other two deities are associated to him, as his children, patrons of nature and fertility in the underground and aboveground worlds. It is also important to note that the relief confirms Hellenistic religious influences in the area of the Upper
Moesian limes
Keywords: cults; triad; Zeus; Herakles; Dionysos; eastern Serbia; Upper Moesia; Hellenistic and Thracian influences
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Basic Philosophical Texts in Medieval Serbia    
Clothing as a Symbol of Charity and Soul Salvation in Late Medieval Kotor (Cattaro)    
The Medieval Cemetery outside the Eastern Gate of Gamzigrad (Felix Romuliana): A Paleodemographic Interpretation    
To Crimea via Belgrade: Thomas Fonblanque to Lord Raglan 1854–1855    
Ilija Garašanin on Serbia’s Statehood    
Valtazar Bogišić and the General Property Code for the Principality of Montenegro: Domestic and Foreign Associates    
In the Shadow of the Macedonian Issue    
Expressing Time in the Autobiographical Discourse of Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) from Kosovo and Metohija    
On Dealing with the Past, Transitional Justice and Archives    
Kosovo and Metohija:Serbia’s troublesome province    
Bridging the Great Divide: Contested Kosovo Span is a Symbol of International Failure    
Sur l’idée yougoslave  : Passé et avenir (1939)