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International Journal on Humanistic Ideology


Issue no.1 /2010


Publisher:

Presa Universitara Clujeana

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 Articles 
    
Knowledge and Cognitive Science    
Mental Modeling in Conceptual Change    
Where is the knowledge we have lost in information?    
Wearing the Badge of the Alliance vs. Having to Wear a Badge to Be Told Apart: Joseph Cazès in Teheran in 1898. Cognitive Analysis and Cultural Aspec    
Flashback: Reshuffling Emotions    
Translated Title: Flashback: Reshuffling Emotions
Publication: International Journal on Humanistic Ideology (1/2010)
Author Name: Sugu, Dana; Chatterjee, Amita;
Language: English
Subject: Philosophy
Issue: 1/2010
Page Range: 109-133
No. of Pages: 24
File size: 278 KB
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Summary: Each affective state has distinct motor-expressions, sensory perceptions, autonomic, and cognitive patterns. Panksepp (1998) proposed seven neural affective systems of which the SEEKING system, a generalized approach-seeking system, motivates organisms to pursue resources needed for survival. When an organism is presented with a novel stimulus, the dopamine (DA) in the nucleus accumbens septi (NAS) is released. The DA circuit outlines the generalized mesolimbic dopamine-centered SEEKING system and is especially responsive when there is an element of unpredictability in forthcoming rewards. We propose that when the outcome of this interaction is unexpected or unanticipated then Panksepp’s “cognitive or expectancy reset” mechanism involving the cognitive dissonance would yield the subjective emotion of surprise. In order to appropriately react to the environment’s stimuli one needs fundamental processes that would enable one to distinguish between what is novel and what has been already experienced, as well as the different degrees of novelty. Novel events are those whose essential features of the representation (visceral and perceptual) are altered and being discrepant provoke more sustained attention. Novelty arises from salient and arousing events and the organism experiences surprise, as coming out of a habitual state. In this framework, we shall look at established theories of emotions and propose a different approach to their taxonomy.
Keywords: habituation; change; novelty; arousal; taxonomy of affective processes; SEEKING system.
Cognitive mechanisms involved in the subjective perception of time. A critical review    
Affective Intuition and Rule Deployment: The Dénouement of Moral Judgment    
Cognitive Approach to Model-Based Sciences    
Assessment of Dyshyponoia in Multicultural Plurilingual Setup    
Nature of Cognition in the Philosophy of Bhartrhari: A Short Note.    
review at Zahi Hawass, Mountains of the Pharaohs. The Untold Story of the Pyramid Builders    
review at Ingrid D. Rowland, Giordano Bruno. Philosopher/Heretic    
review at Costica Bradatan, Serguei Alex. Oushakine (Eds.), In Marx’s Shadow. Knowledge, Power and Intellectuals in Eastern Europe and Russia